100+ Mac keyboard shortcuts you need to know

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If you have recently switched to macOS from Windows, you need to learn keyboard shortcuts to perform different things quickly. Keyboard shortcuts are not the same as in Windows. So, you will struggle even in simple tasks such as copy-paste. In Windows, most keyboard shortcuts use CTRL key. macOS uses COMMAND key instead. For example, you need to use CTRL+C for copy in Windows but COMMAND+C in macOS. Learning keyboard shortcuts help you perform things faster than the mouse. Some of the keyboard shortcuts work across different applications.

First of all, have a look at some common keyboard shortcuts you need to learn. These shortcuts will help you across different applications and are also most commonly used.

Key combinationWhat it does
Command + ASelect all
Command + CCopy
Command + VPaste
Command + XCut
Command + SSave
Command + QQuit
Command + NNew
Command + Z or Command + Shift + ZUndo/Redo
Command + MMinimize window
Command + WClose window
Command + PPrint
Command + FFind

These keyboard shorts are for simple text formatting. They will help you in different word processing and text applications.

Key combinationWhat it does
Command + BBold
Command + IItalicize
Command + UUnderline

These are the keyboard shortcuts for Finder for performing different actions quickly.

Key combinationWhat it does
Command + ASelect all items in the front Finder window (or desktop if no window is open)
Command + Option + ADeselect all items
Command + Shift + AOpen the Applications folder
Command + CCopy selected item/text to the Clipboard
Command + Shift + COpen the Computer window in Finder
Command + DDuplicate selected item
Command + Shift + DOpen desktop folder
Command + EEject
Command + FFind any matching Spotlight attribute
Command + Shift + FFind Spotlight file name matches
Command + Option + FNavigate to the search field in an already-open Spotlight window
Command + Shift + GGo to Folder
Command + HHide the currently active window
Command + Option + HHide all windows except the currently active one
Command + Option + H + MHide all windows except the currently active one and minimize the active window
Command + Shift + HOpen the Home folder of the currently logged-in user account
Command + IGet Info
Command + Option + IShow Inspector
Command + Control + IGet Summary Info
Command + Shift + IOpen iCloud Drive
Command + JShow View Options
Command + KConnect to Server
Command + Shift + KOpen Network window
Command + LMake alias of the selected item
Command + MMinimize window
Command + Option + MMinimize all windows
Command + NNew Finder window
Command + Shift + NNew folder
Command + OOpen selected item
Command + Shift + QLog out
Command + Shift + Option + QLog out immediately
Command + RShow original (of alias)
Command + TOpen the current location in a new tab
Command + Shift + TShow Tab Bar
Command + Option + TShow/hide Sidebar
Command + Shift + UOpen Utilities folder
Command + VPaste
Command + WClose window
Command + Option + WClose all windows
Command + XCut
Command + Option + YSlideshow (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)
Command + Z or Command + Shift+ ZUndo / Redo
Command + 1View as Icon
Command + 2View as List
Command + 3View as Columns
Command + 4View as Cover Flow (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)
Command + Comma (,)Open Finder preferences
Command + Accent (`) (the Accent key above Tab key on a US English keyboard layout)Cycle through open Finder windows
Command + Shift + Question Mark (?)Open the Help menu
Command + Left Bracket ([)Go to the previous folder
Command + Right Bracket (])Go to the next folder
Command + Up ArrowOpen the folder that contains the current folder
Command + Control + Up ArrowOpen the folder that contains the current folder in a new window
Command + Down ArrowOpen highlighted item
Command + Shift + Up ArrowOpen the Computer pane in a new Finder window
Right Arrow (in List view)Open the selected folder
Left Arrow (in List view)Close the selected folder
Option + click the disclosure triangle (in List view)Open all folders within the selected folder
Option + double-clickOpen a folder in a separate window, closing the current window
Command + double-clickOpen a folder in a separate tab
Command + click the window titleSee the folders that contain the current window
Command + DeleteMove to Trash
Command + Shift + DeleteEmpty Trash
Command + Shift + Option + DeleteEmpty Trash without confirmation dialog
Space bar (or Command + Y)Quick Look (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)
Command key while draggingMove dragged item to other volume/location (pointer icon changes while key is held — see this article)
Option key while draggingCopy dragged item (pointer icon changes while key is held — see this article)
Command + Option key combination while draggingMake alias of dragged item (pointer icon changes while key is held — see this article)

 Startup Shortcuts

These are startup keyboard shortcuts that you can use at the time of macOS booting.

Key or key combinationWhat it does
OptionDisplay all bootable volumes (Startup Manager)
ShiftPerform a Safe Boot (start up in Safe Mode)
Left ShiftPrevent automatic login
CStart from bootable media (DVD, CD, USB thumb drive, and so forth)
TStart in FireWire target disk mode
NStart from NetBoot server
XForce MacOS startup (if non-MacOS startup volumes are present)
DUse Apple Hardware Test
Command + RUse Recovery (OS X Lion or later)
Command + VStart in Verbose Mode
Command + SStart in Single User Mode
Command + Option + P + RReset NVRAM/PRAM
Hold down the Media Eject (⏏) key or F12 key, or mouse or trackpad buttonEject removable discs

These keyboard shortcuts work across different apps and help you perform things faster.

Key combinationWhat it does
Command + Space barShow or hide the Spotlight search field (if multiple languages are installed, may rotate through enabled script systems)
Control + AMove to beginning of line/paragraph
Control + BMove one character backward
Control + DDelete the character in front of the cursor
Control + EMove to end of line/paragraph
Control + FMove one character forward
Control + HDelete the character behind the cursor
Control + KDelete from the character in front of the cursor to the end of the line/paragraph
Control + LCenter the cursor/selection in the visible area
Control + NMove down one line
Control + OInsert a new line after the cursor
Control + PMove up one line
Control + TTranspose the character behind the cursor and the character in front of the cursor
Control + VMove down one page
Option + DeleteDelete all words on a line to the left of the cursor
Command + Option + Space barShow the Spotlight search results window (if multiple languages are installed, may rotate through keyboard layouts and input methods within a script)
Command + TabMove forward to the next most recently-used application in a list of open applications
Command + Shift + TabMove backward through a list of open applications (sorted by recent use)
Shift + TabNavigate through controls in a reverse direction
Control + TabMove focus to the next grouping of controls in a dialog or the next table (when Tab moves to the next cell)
Shift + Control + TabMove focus to the previous grouping of controls
Command + EscOpen Front Row (if installed)
Option + Media Eject (⏏)Eject from secondary optical media drive (if one is installed)
Fn + DeleteForward Delete (on a portable Mac’s built-in keyboard)
Control + F3Show the open windows for the currently active app, plus recently opened documents for that app
F3Open Mission Control
Command + F3Hide or show all open windows
F4Show Launchpad
Command + Accent (`)Activate the next open window in the frontmost application
Command + Shift + Accent (`)Activate the previous open window in the frontmost application
Command + Option + Accent (`)Move focus to the window drawer
Command + Shift + [Left-align a selection
Command + Shift + ]Right-align a selection
Command + Shift +Center-align a selection
Command + Shift + Colon (:)Display the Spelling window
Command + Semicolon (;)Find misspelled words in the document
Command + Option + Control + Comma (,)Decrease screen contrast
Command + Option + Control + Period (.)Increase screen contrast
Command + Option + /Turn font smoothing on or off
Command + Shift + =Increase the size of the selected item
Command + Minus (-)Decrease the size of the selected item
Command + Shift + 3Capture the screen to a file
Command + Shift + Control + 3Capture the screen to the Clipboard
Command + Shift + 4Capture a selection to a file
Command + Shift + Control + 4Capture a selection to the Clipboard
Command + AHighlight every item in a document or window, or all characters in a text field
Command + CCopy the selected data to the Clipboard
Command + Shift + CDisplay the Colors window
Command + Option + CCopy the style of the selected text
Command + Control + CCopy the formatting settings of the selected item and store on the Clipboard
Command + Option + DShow or hide the Dock
Command + Control + DDisplay the definition of the selected word in the Dictionary application
Command + DSelects the Desktop folder in Open and Save dialogs
or
Selects “Don’t Save” in dialogs that contain a Don’t Save button, in MacOS X v10.6.8 and earlier
Command + DeleteSelects “Don’t Save” in dialogs that contain a Don’t Save button
Command + ECopy the selection for use with the Find function (Command + F)
Command + FOpen a Find window
Command + GFind the next occurrence of the selection
Command + Shift + GFind the previous occurrence of the selection
Command + JScroll to a selection
Command + NCreate a new document in the frontmost application
Command + ODisplay a dialog for choosing a document to open in the frontmost application
Command + PDisplay the Print dialog
Command + Shift + PDisplay a dialog for specifying printing parameters (Page Setup)
Command + QQuit the frontmost application
Command + SSave the active document
Command + Shift + SDisplay the Save As dialog
or
Duplicate the document and open the Save dialog
Command + TDisplay the Fonts window
Command + Option + TShow or hide a toolbar
Command + VPaste the Clipboard contents at the insertion point
Command + Option + VApply the style of one object to the selected object (Paste Style)
Command + Shift + Option + VApply the style of the surrounding text to the inserted object (Paste and Match Style)
Command + Control + VApply formatting settings to the selected object (Paste Ruler Command)
Control + Right ArrowMove focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a table
Control + Left ArrowMove focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a table
Control + Down ArrowMove focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a table
Control + Up ArrowMove focus to another value or cell within a view, such as a table
Command + Right ArrowMove the text insertion point to the end of the current line
Command + Left ArrowMove the text insertion point to the beginning of the current line
Command + Down ArrowMove the text insertion point to the end of the document
Command + Up ArrowMove the text insertion point to the beginning of the document
Option + Right ArrowMove the text insertion point to the end of the next word
Option + Left ArrowMove the text insertion point to the beginning of the previous word
Command + Shift + Right ArrowSelect text between the insertion point and the end of the current line
Command + Shift + Left ArrowSelect text between the insertion point and the beginning of the current line
Shift + Right ArrowExtend text selection one character to the right
Shift + Left ArrowExtend text selection one character to the left
Command + Shift + Up ArrowSelect text between the insertion point and the beginning of the document
Command + Shift + Down ArrowSelect text between the insertion point and the end of the document
Shift + Up ArrowExtend text selection to the line above, to the nearest character boundary at the same horizontal location
Shift + Down ArrowExtend text selection to the line below, to the nearest character boundary at the same horizontal location
Shift + Option + Right ArrowExtend text selection to the end of the current word, then to the end of the following word if pressed again
Shift + Option + Left ArrowExtend text selection to the beginning of the current word, then to the beginning of the following word if pressed again
Shift + Option + Down ArrowExtend text selection to the end of the current paragraph, then to the end of the following paragraph if pressed again
Shift + Option + Up ArrowExtend text selection to the beginning of the current paragraph, then to the beginning of the following paragraph if pressed again
Control + Space barToggle between the current and previous input sources
Control + Option + Space barToggle through all enabled input sources
Command + Option + EscForce Quit
Command + Shift + Option + EscForce Quit the front-most application (Mac OS X v10.5 or later)
Command + [Go backward in browser history
Command + ]Go forward in browser history

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